I was bitten by a neighbor’s dog – what should I do?

According to the ASPCA, approximately 334,000 people in the US visit emergency rooms annually for dog bites. In 2019, there were 46 fatal dog attacks in the United States. Most of these fatalities were children. 

These statistics are alarming.

What should you do if you are bitten by a dog?

If you are bitten by a dog, your first priority should be to seek medical attention for your injuries. Dog bites often result in serious injuries, including lacerations requiring stitches and permanent scarring that can entail expensive plastic surgery (or multiple surgeries) to correct.

In addition to worrying about injuries from bites, you must also confirm that the dog wasn’t carrying any communicable diseases, such as rabies. It’s critical to find out whether you’ve had the proper vaccinations needed and that you get any necessary boosters to minimize long-term illness.

Beyond repairing your physical injuries, seeking medical treatment immediately after a dog bite allows you to document the injuries and the facts surrounding the bite, which helps build your case. Once you have gotten the immediate medical care you need, your next step is to contact an attorney who is experienced with dog bite claims.

Most people aren’t aware that if they are injured by someone else’s dog, they can file a claim against the dog owner’s homeowner’s or renter’s insurance policies. Dog bite claims will help compensate you for the injuries incurred, including pain and suffering, scarring, surgeries, medical bills and lost wages from being unable to work. 

In the state of Pennsylvania, liability for dog bites is not automatic. Typically, negligence must be proved in order to pursue the claim. 

What is the process for dog bite claims?

Our team has handled a wide range of dog bite cases, and we will walk you through the entire process. We’ll assist you with:

  • Finding insurance coverage
  • Proving liability
  • Establishing your damages
  • If necessary, obtaining court-approval of a minor’s settlement

Our team examines your specific situation and determines whether or not you are likely to recover damages. We may ask you for details regarding the dog bite injury, as well as information like the name and phone number of the dog’s owner, as well as any witnesses.

What if I was bitten by a dog belonging to a friend or family member?

Many dog bite cases involve a family or friend’s dog and some clients are hesitant to pursue cases against them. Suing a friend or family member can seem overwhelming, but what you may not realize is that the friend or relative’s homeowner’s or renter’s insurance typically covers dog bites. In effect, you’re making an insurance claim—not going after your friends or family.

Our primary goal is to negotiate an amicable settlement with the friend’s insurance carrier rather than having to file suit. When necessary, however, we will file a lawsuit. If that is the best approach in your situation, the dog owner’s insurance company will most likely hire an attorney for them, paying all costs and fees.

When it comes to making sure you’re awarded a fair settlement and that you get the money you deserve to compensate for medical bills and lost wages, our team is the one you want on your side. We offer free consultations and are happy to discuss your case at any time. Contact us online or call our firm at 814-452-6232 to schedule an appointment. 

What is a Contingent Fee?

Have you been hurt and feel like you need a lawyer, but lack the money to hire one? If so, you may be interested to learn what a contingent fee is.

In this blog post, Erie Injury, your go-to attorneys for personal injury, car accidents, and workers’ compensation, will take an in-depth look at contingent fees. This information may help you determine if it’s the right option for you.

A Quick Look at the Legal Landscape

There is a significant “justice gap” in the United States. More specifically, there is a severe difference between the civil legal needs of low-income Americans and the resources they have available to hire an attorney. 

According to a 2019 study conducted by Legal Sources Corporation (LSC), “86% of the civil legal problems reported by low-income Americans… received inadequate or no legal help” due to a lack of resources. 

In fact, a large majority of Americans refuse to seek help because they are unsure of where to go to receive support, do not know if their issue is legal, or choose to tackle a problem on their own, given that they lack the funding to hire a lawyer for their case.

What is a Contingent Fee Arrangement?

The American Bar Association (ABA) states that in a contingent fee arrangement, “the lawyer agrees to accept a fixed percentage of the recovery, which is the amount finally paid to the client.” Furthermore, a contingent fee only applies when the client’s case has resulted in success. A lawyer will typically accept a percentage of the money awarded to the client upon winning or settling the case instead of hourly pay.

When the case results in loss, neither the client nor the lawyer will be paid. In this scenario, the client is not legally required to pay their lawyer.

Civil cases, such as personal injury and workers’ compensation cases, are most likely to involve a contingent fee arrangement, given that the end goal is to claim money. These cases often result in a resolution between the lawyer and the insurance company instead of a court hearing. Other scenarios that may use contingent fee arrangements are:

  • Professional malpractice
  • Sexual harassment
  • Employment discrimination and wage dispute cases
  • Class action lawsuits
  • Debt collections

Clients usually opt for a contingent fee arrangement with a lawyer when they have limited financial resources, or the case is both complex and costly.

Prohibited Contingent Fee Cases

The ABA Model Rules of Professional Conduct “prohibits a lawyer from charging a contingent fee in a domestic relations matter when payment is contingent upon the securing of a divorce or upon the amount of alimony or support or property settlement to be obtained.” Essentially, contingent fees are prohibited in cases regarding:

  • Domestic relations
  • Representation of a defendant in a criminal case


One of the most common reasons clients choose a contingent agreement is that they do not have to pay their lawyer if their case is lost. Often, the client does not have the initial funds, making the appeal stronger. A contingent agreement may appeal to lawyers because it motivates them to do their best in a case; otherwise, they do not receive payment. If both the lawyer and client are successful, they both will receive compensation. 

Regarding advantages, Cornell Law School states that contingent fee agreements may:

  • Improve access for indigent clients by enabling people who could not otherwise afford counsel to assert their claims
  • Provide an incentive for attorneys to seek client success
  • Enable clients to shift the risk of losing to the lawyer. 

The potential downside to contingent agreements is that the client may end up paying the lawyer more than they would have if they had paid by the hour. Lawyers may not always opt for a case with a contingent agreement due to its high-risk nature, but if they do, they may negotiate for a higher percentage of the settlement. In the United States, contingent fee agreements and compensation caps vary by state.

With our contingent fee arrangements, Erie Injury never charges a fee unless we obtain you a recovery. We also front all the expenses in your lawsuit so insurance companies won’t get the best of you, meaning that you can fight for fair compensation while obtaining a lawyer within your financial means.

Minimize Your Risk, Maximize Your Reward

If you find that you are struggling with an auto accident, personal injury, or even social security disability benefits, the attorneys at Erie Injury are prepared to fight for your rights. Don’t allow a lack of funds to deter you from challenging a case. Whether you are located in Erie, Meadville, or Smethport, an attorney is on standby, ready to help. Call us today at 1-800-999-0750 for a free case evaluation.

What Do I Do if I Am Injured at Work?

If you’re suffering from a workplace injury, you’re not alone. According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BSL), private industry employers reported 2.8 million nonfatal workplace injuries and illnesses between 2018 and 2019.

The immediate steps you take following a workplace injury incident are critical. In this blog post, Bernard Stuczynski Barnett & Lager, your go-to attorneys for vehicle accidents, Workers’ Compensation claims, and filing for disability, provide a list of the three essential actions you should take when a personal injury occurs at the workplace.

1. Know the Signs (and Take Preventative Measures)

There are many indicators that you might be suffering from a workplace injury. There will likely be evidence suggesting you have sustained an injury during work, such as cuts from broken glass or bruises from moving equipment. According to the National Safety Council’s Top Work-Related Injury Causes, there are eight common causes for workplace injuries:

  1. Overexertion and bodily reaction (e.g., using tools on a construction site, loading trucks, typing on a keyboard while sitting at a desk); 275,590 injuries
  2. Falls, slips, and trips; 244,000 injuries
  3. Contact with objects and equipment; 229,410 injuries
  4. Transportation incidents; 49,430 injuries
  5. Violence and other injuries caused by persons or animals; 44,480 injuries
  6. Exposure to harmful substances or environments; 36,840 injuries
  7. Nonclassifiable; 6,770 injuries
  8. Fire and explosions; 1,700 injuries

Injuries that have occurred in the workplace may manifest in a number of different ways:

  • Changes in physical abilities (decreased dexterity or speed, coordination stamina)
  • Frequent trips to the doctor or hospital visits
  • Inability to return to work for an extended period of time following release from medical care 
  • Changes in mental health (depression, anxiety, emotional distress, stress)
  • Sudden change in sleeping patterns

While some incidents are unavoidable, there are several actions you can take to prevent injuries in the workplace. When operating equipment, always wear the recommended safety equipment and refrain from taking any shortcuts. You should also follow your employer’s dress code, stay alert, and ask for assistance from coworkers when it comes to more complicated tasks.

2. Report the Injury

In the event of an injury at work, report to your supervisor immediately. In most cases, employers will not be aware of the incident if they were not witness to it. What’s more, reporting to your supervisor is one of the first steps in obtaining workers’ compensation. The sooner you act, the more time you will have to pursue your claim and receive compensation.

Be aware that many states have a Workers’ Compensation Statute of Limitation, which means there are individual deadlines for reporting your injury to your employer and for filing an injury claim. These deadlines are often fact-specific, so be sure to consult an attorney if you have a concern as to when you should file for workers’ compensation.

If your employer has withheld or destroyed documents related to your injury, contact us immediately to assist in obtaining copies of these forms for your records. The best course of action is to have a lawyer guide you through this process, as well as with any information and documentation regarding medical treatment. 

3. Seek Medical Treatment

In severe cases, you may have no choice but to seek medical attention before you are able to report your injury. In 2018, the BSL recorded that approximately 333,930 workplace injuries or illnesses resulted in an employee visiting a medical treatment facility.

Your health care provider will likely provide instructions for your treatment, but they may also include some form of physical therapy, medication, or medical equipment. Keep detailed records of your treatments and their costs to present them during a workers’ compensation claim. In addition to your medical records, save all documentation of lost wages or benefits and any other evidence that proves you were injured on the job. Most importantly, be sure to stick to your doctor’s restrictions to avoid reinjury or worsening of an existing injury.

Here’s what Workers’ Compensation generally covers:

  • Income benefits
  • Medical and rehabilitation costs
  • Funeral expenses 
  • Death benefits
  • Specific loss benefits (e.g. certain types of scarring and disfigurements, amputations, loss of use of certain body parts, hearing loss, et cetera)

Contact Erie Injury for Help

You may feel like you’re in shock after an accident occurs in your workplace, but the sooner you act, the more time you will have to obtain compensation for injuries. Our team of personal injury attorneys at Bernard Stuczynski Barnett & Lager are ready to help you fight for your rights. Call us today at 814-452-6232 for a free consultation or fill out our contact form!

Do I need a lawyer to get a car accident settlement?

If you are involved in a car accident that causes significant bodily injury and/or damage to your vehicle, there will be challenges ahead. Not only will you be faced with the cost of vehicle repairs or replacement, you may also be faced with having to take time off from work, lost wages, property damage, medical bills—and even pain and suffering. 

You need to be compensated for these costs—but how?

car accident settlementCar accident settlements: you need to know what steps to take next. 

One option is to negotiate a settlement with the insurance company on your own. However, if you take this route, you may end up settling for much, much less than you deserve. Insurance adjusters often utilize a variety of tactics designed to undervalue your claim. They can hire private investigators, and perform insurance searches to pull up past auto accident claims, work injuries, or any other insurance claims you might have made in the past. They also have access to proprietary software that they use to value claims, which they often use to short-change you, since it doesn’t account for the unique characteristics of your particular case. Moreover, if you don’t have an attorney to help deal with liens and subrogation, you might find yourself owing money back to your health insurance company, Medicare, Medicaid, or another organization claiming a portion of your settlement proceeds.

You aren’t a statistic.

A second option is to work with an injury law firm with attorneys on staff who have earned a reputation for aggressive, knowledgeable insurance coverage litigation. Working closely with professionals who understand Pennsylvania insurance contracts and the laws that insurance companies must operate under will help ensure you are compensated fairly. Even if an insurance company denies a claim or fails to hold up its end of the bargain, there are often times where our attorneys can still make a recovery.

Don’t let anyone, especially an insurance company’s adjuster, convince you that you don’t need a lawyer—and don’t be pushed into settling your case too early. Insurance adjusters are not your friends and they don’t have your best interests at heart. They are hired to pay you as little as possible, if anything at all.

An experienced auto accident attorney knows how to properly build and develop your case. Our goal is always to prove the true, full extent of your injuries and seek the compensation you deserve. Our law firm is not a “settlement mill.” If we can’t negotiate fair value for your case, we will file a lawsuit. We aren’t afraid to go to trial.

Furthermore, we work on a contingent-fee basis, meaning if you don’t get a recovery, you pay nothing. Everyone deserves a great attorney, regardless of financial status. 

Contact us today for more information. We look forward to reviewing your case. 

How to Hire an Erie Lawyer for a Car Accident

If you’ve been hurt in a car accident, you probably have friends and family telling you to “hire a lawyer.” But should you? How do you do it? Will it be expensive? Can you even afford it? When it comes our Erie personal injury lawyers, the answers to those questions are simple and not as hard as you might think.

What’s wrong?

How to hire an Erie, PA Lawyer

After a car accident, you’re missing work, losing income, and amassing unpaid medical bills. Meanwhile, you’re getting calls and letters from insurance adjusters asking for you to give recorded statements, sign authorizations, and agree to quick, low-value settlements. Something doesn’t feel right and you don’t know what to do. That’s where our law firm comes in.

Our Erie, PA car accident lawyers will take control of the situation without charging you an upfront fee: we don’t charge you a fee unless we get you a recovery. We’ll get your medical bills paid, we’ll get you your lost wages, we’ll handle the insurance adjusters, and we’ll make sure you aren’t taken advantage when you’re hurt.

Can you handle it on your own?

Can you handle it on your own and call an attorney later if things get too hard? Sure…you could. But SHOULD you? Absolutely not! One of the biggest mistakes we see is people who call our lawyers too late—long after the damage is done. In those situations, we can still help, but those people almost always would have been better off calling us first. Think of it this way: would you rather call a lawyer to undo the damage you’ve done, or would you rather have your attorneys be on the offensive from day one? The sooner you hire a lawyer, the better your results can be.

What’s next?

If you’ve been hurt in a car accident, call our Erie, PA car accident lawyers at 814-452-6232 to schedule a free consultation. You’ll be glad you did. We’re local, well respected, and we know what we’re doing.

Workers’ Compensation won’t approve my Prescription Medications

In Pennsylvania, the Workers’ Compensation Act does not require a workers’ compensation insurance carrier to “pre-approve” payment of medical treatment, which includes prescription medications.

Workers' compensation prescription medications

All too often our Erie, PA workers’ compensation attorneys have seen first-hand the frustration and despair an injured worker experiences when trying to have a work-related prescription filled at their local pharmacy.  Customarily, when the local pharmacy receives a prescription that should be covered under a workers’ compensation claim, the first thing the pharmacy will do is call the workers’ compensation insurance carrier.  The pharmacy will only fill the prescription if the workers’ compensation adjuster confirms that it will, in fact, pay for the prescription, “pre-approving” the payment of the medical treatment.

As there is no requirement that an adjuster “pre-approve” payment of medical expenses, the workers’ compensation insurance carrier is well within its legal rights not to promise the pharmacy in advance to pay for a prescription before it has been properly billed by the pharmacy.  If the pharmacy fails to obtain “pre-approval,” or is unable to even speak with the adjuster, it will not fill the prescription or will only do so if the injured worker pays for the prescription out of pocket and/or the prescription is billed through the injured worker’s personal health insurance, leaving injured workers without the medications they need.

In order to ensure that an injured worker has their prescriptions promptly filled and billed appropriately we recommend injured workers utilize pharmacy companies that specialize exclusively in filling prescriptions for injured workers.  These pharmacy companies that specialize in filling workers’ compensation prescriptions do not typically have brick and mortar locations.  They will instead have the prescriptions overnighted to your residence.  If the prescriptions are time sensitive and having them overnighted to your residence is not acceptable these companies have relationships with brick-and-mortar pharmacies that will permit you to pick-up your prescription from that pharmacy.

Most importantly, these pharmacy companies know and understand appropriate billing procedures under Pennsylvania’s Workers’ Compensation Act.  As such, these companies do not seek “pre-approval” before filling your work-related prescription, instead these companies will promptly fill your prescription and then bill the workers’ compensation insurance carrier.

Who will fill my workers’ compensation prescriptions without pre-approval?

Although, there exists a number of pharmacy companies that specialize exclusively in filling prescriptions for injured workers, our office has worked extensively and have had good experiences with Injured Workers Pharmacy, LLC.

If you are having difficulty with the workers’ compensation insurance carrier not promptly filling or paying for your work-related injury prescriptions, contact our Erie, PA Workers’ Compensation Attorneys for a free consultation to discuss your legal rights and options.

Who pays for an ambulance bill after a car accident?

You were involved in a car accident that wasn’t your fault and now you’re getting a $900.00 bill in the mail for an ambulance ride. Why should you have to pay it and what if you don’t have insurance? These are questions that our Erie, PA car accident lawyers get asked all the time, and they stem from how confusion laws concerning car accidents can be.

Ambulance bill from car accident

In Pennsylvania, one’s own car insurance ordinarily pays for medical treatment arising out of a car accident, regardless of fault. There are, of course, exceptions, but normally you aren’t forced to pay out of pocket and your health insurance company isn’t the primary payer unless the medical payments coverage on your policy is exhausted. If you receive a medical bill in the mail after a car accident in Pennsylvania, you should probably forward this bill to your own insurance company before writing a check.

That said, if you were injured in a car accident, this isn’t something you should be handling on your own anyway. Anything you do and any paper you sign could potentially jeopardize your rights to make a recovery for pain and suffering, lost wages, and other out-of-pocket expenses you’ve incurred as a result of this crash. Before doing anything, you should contact a Pennsylvania personal injury lawyer immediately for a free consultation.

Our Erie, PA law firm helps injured victims obtain compensation for their injuries after a car accident. In addition to helping our clients obtain settlements and verdicts, we help facilitate medical payments through auto insurance as part of our representation. Additionally, we only charge our fee on a portion of the recovery we make. If we don’t get you a settlement, we don’t charge a fee. Anybody can afford our services. If you were hurt in an accident, call our office for a free consultation at 814-5-452-6232. We’re located a block west of the Erie County Courthouse and have been helping victims throughout Northwestern Pennsylvania since 1985.

Why did I receive a letter from Optum?

I received a letter from Optum. What do I do?

Why did I receive a letter from Optum? | ErieInjury.com Law Blog

After you get medical treatment for an injury rather than a chronic illness, it’s not uncommon to receive a letter from a third-party subrogation company, such as Optum (or The Rawlings Company, Equian, First Recovery Group, etc.), on behalf of your health insurance company. Optum (or one of these other companies) is probably calling you to find out how you got hurt. If your injuries possibly give rise to a personal injury claim or a potential lawsuit (for example, a car accident, a work injury, a slip-and-fall accident, etc.), Optum wants to know, because it’s their job to find out if your health insurance company might have a right to be reimbursed out of your settlement. If you received a letter from Optum after a Pennsylvania car accident or personal injury, you should call our law firm immediately at 1-800-999-0750.

Should I reply to Optum’s letter or call them back?

Optum cannot make you sue somebody if you don’t want to sue them! That being said, you should still talk to a personal injury attorney before talking to Optum. You need to know your rights (and responsibilities) regarding this accident, your health insurance policy, your medical treatment, and your medical bills. Our personal injury law firm offers a free consultation that can be either over the phone or in person! Give us a call today at 814-452-6232.

DO NOT FORGET: If you were hurt because of someone else’s negligence, you should immediately give Optum’s letter to your attorney! If you have a lawyer, you should not be contacting Optum directly. You want your personal injury lawyer to know about Optum’s letter, because failure to properly consider your health insurance’s lien against your settlement could potentially have devastating consequences to both your case and your finances. The last thing you want is to settle your case for so little that you can’t pay back Optum, should they be entitled to some of the money!

If you were hurt in an accident but don’t have a lawyer, you should hire a personal injury attorney to contact Optum on your behalf. Our personal injury lawyers work on contingency and only get paid if we get you a financial recovery. We represent injured victims throughout Western Pennsylvania, from Pittsburgh, to Erie, and all the way to Bradford and Smethport.

What if I don’t want to sue the person who hurt me?

In Pennsylvania, Optum can’t make you sue somebody if you don’t want to sue them! That said, it is still a good idea to talk to a personal injury attorney before talking to Optum. You need to know your rights and responsibilities regarding this accident, your health insurance policy, your treatment, and your medical bills. Our law firm offers a free consultation that can be either over the phone or in person—you decide! Give us a call today at 814-452-6232.

The Household Exclusion in PA Car Insurance Policies

In Pennsylvania, the “household exclusion” is a clause that insurance companies began using in the 1990’s in auto insurance policies to limit the amount of uninsured motorists (UM) and underinsured motorists (UIM) coverage they had to provide after claims made by their insureds after a car accident.  Under the Motor Vehicle Financial Responsibility Law (MVFRL), any relatives who live in the same residence could seek benefits from policies issued to other “resident relatives” in the household.  While the MVFRL clearly stated this, insurers used these clauses to deny claims against the policies of the other household members that would have been permissible under the MVFRL.

While the language of the exclusion could vary, it essentially prevented injured household members from seeking underinsured motorists benefits from other policies applicable in the household, unless they were insured under the same policy.  As an example, suppose mom and dad each have a vehicle and they are insured under a policy with Erie, which includes stacked UIM benefits.  Their daughter, a college student still has a permanent residence in the household, and she has her own car which is insured with Progressive. 

By applying the household exclusion, Erie could deny any claim against the parents’ UIM coverage if daughter was involved in an accident while driving her own vehicle because their vehicles were insured under a different policy from their daughter.  In fact, if a parent was in daughter’s vehicle at the time of the accident, they would most likely have not been able to file a claim against their own UIM coverage.

In January 2019, the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania issued an opinion in Gallagher v. Geico Indemnity Co., which held that household exclusion clauses were no longer enforceable in Pennsylvania as they were contrary to the express provisions of the MVFRL.  Hence, a person seriously injured in an auto accident has a right to seek benefits from the policies of any resident relatives at the time of their accident.  This can involve complicated legal questions regarding “residency” and damages and you should seek legal advice in attempting to pursue such a claim.

In fact, if you were in an accident within the last 4 years, and you were advised that you could not pursue a claim against UM (uninsured motorists) or UIM benefits because of the applicability of a household exclusion, you should contact our car accident lawyers immediately, as you may still be able to pursue claims for additional UM or UIM benefits. Our office offers free consultations and doesn’t take a fee unless we make you a recovery.

Why did I receive a letter from The Rawlings Company?

I received a letter from The Rawlings Company. What do I do?

Letter from The Rawlings Company

After you get medical treatment for an injury, it’s not uncommon to get a letter from a third-party subrogation company, like The Rawlings Company (or Equian, Optum, First Recovery Group, etc.), on behalf of your health insurance company. The Rawlings Company is most likely reaching out to you to discover out how you got hurt. If your injury possibly gives rise to a personal injury claim or a potential lawsuit (for example, a car accident, a work injury, a slip-and-fall accident, etc.), The Rawlings Company’s job is to find out, because your health insurance company might be legally entitled to reimbursement out of your personal injury settlement or verdict. If you received a letter from the Rawlings Company after a Pennsylvania car accident or personal injury, you should call our law firm immediately at 1-800-999-0750.

Should I respond to The Rawlings Company’s letter or call them back?

Whether or not you’re legally required to respond to The Rawlings Company after getting their letter is going to be written in your insurance policy with your health insurance company. In all likelihood, this is a document you probably never read. With that in mind, if you weren’t hurt in manner as to give rise to a compensable legal claim, you’re probably safe to call and let them know, at which point they should leave you alone.

If you were hurt in an accident that gives rise to any type of legal claim, you should immediately give The Rawlings Company’s letter to your attorney! If you already retained a lawyer, you should never contact The Rawlings Company directly. Additionally, you want your personal injury attorney to know about The Rawlings Company’s letter, because any failure to consider your health insurance’s lien against your settlement might have catastrophic consequences to both your case and your finances!

If you were hurt in an accident (at work, in a slip-and-fall, in a car, et cetera) but don’t have a lawyer, you should hire a personal injury attorney to contact The Rawlings Company on your behalf immediately. Our personal injury lawyers work on contingency and only get paid if we get you a financial recovery. We represent injury victims throughout Western Pennsylvania, from Pittsburgh, to Erie, and all the way to Bradford and Smethport! If you’re not from Pennsylvania, we might be able to help you find a local lawyer who can helo.

What if I don’t want to file a lawsuit against the person who caused my injury?

The Rawlings Company cannot force you to sue somebody that you don’t want to sue. However, it’s always a good idea to at least speak with a personal injury attorney before you talk to The Rawlings Company. You need to know your rights and responsibilities regarding this incident, your medical treatment, and your medical bills. Our law firm offers a free consultation that can be either over the phone or in person—you decide! Give us a call today at 814-452-6232.